Karst

Karst or Kras in Slovenian is a part of Primorska region that stretches between Vipava Valley and the Adriatic Sea. It includes the narrow strip of Italy NW of Trieste originally populated by Slovenians. Characteristics of the area are relatively fresh winters, strong NE wind called Burja (which is also one of Vipava Valley hallmarks), typical red wine made of refosco grapes that is here called Teran and probably dried ham (Kraski prsut). Rural landscape is dotted with villages with stone-made houses, often walled into private courtyards.

Karst is the place where limestone phenomena linked to water erosion have been fist described. See Wikipedia page for a description of the Karst Topography. On site, you can nowadays mostly admire underground caves, like Škocjanske Caves, the first UNESCO Heritage Site in Slovenia. The first cave open for visitors was Vilenica Cave.

In Slovenia, Kras is also well known by Lipica stud farm, the birthplace of the Lipizzan horses ('lipicanci' in Slovenian).

Administrative center of Kras area is Sežana, located only ~2 km from the Italian border.

Wikipedia (EN) on Karst region
Tourist information: Kras-Carso portal (also in Italian, German and Slovenian)

Towns:
Sežana
Divača
Kozina
Komen
Senožeče
Dutovlje
Tomaj
Lokev

Heritage sites:
Štanjel
Kobjeglava
Lipica
St. Helena Church in Gradišče (near Divača)

Natural Monuments:
Škocjanske Caves
Vilenica Cave
Divača Cave
Sežana Botanical Garden

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